What’s its meaning, because the linguists put it to use? Can it be towards various forms that nouns/pronouns can take? Is it regarding the purpose of new noun on sentence?
Like, into the Progressive Greek, brand new ending out of nouns changes into the instance articolo. Some other nouns age circumstances even when, thus “case” isn’t just in the function (the newest end), and also throughout the meaning.
Inside English, endings you should never transform. English is considered to not have cases. However English can also be display an equivalent significance, regardless of if this is noted various other suggests than simply that have endings, e.grams. using prepositions or term purchase.
Hungarian is claimed to have many cases, but because the an indigenous presenter, I really don’t see the difference in the fresh new suffixes utilized by Hungarian and prepositions employed by English. One to will come before the keyword, others employs, however, or even they discuss an identical style of definition. In both dialects, he’s an identical mode regardless of and this keyword these are generally put that have. (Becoming real, inside the Hungarian the new endings transform some to help you esteem vowel harmony. However, that isn’t comparable to the brand new significantly some other endings one Greek purposes for the exact same case.)
Inside Romanian schools, it is coached one to Romanian keeps five circumstances. Although not, there isn’t any huge difference anyway within variety of nouns regarding the nominative/accusative and you may dative/genitive pairs. Whenever schoolchildren is actually requested to identify circumstances into the teaching, the fresh difference between this type of pairs is carried out centered on meaning (that can easily be deduced age.g. of phrase buy) rather than this new ending/variety of nouns. New “case” didn’t be recognized in the event your noun just weren’t part of a phrase.
Is there a precise and you can universal concept of case for the linguistics, or perhaps is it simply a phrase from benefits that’s applied in different ways to several languages?
cuatro Responses 4
There are multiple meanings out-of case, however the differences in traditional conditions ranging from dialects together with have only a great deal to manage with assorted life for teaching grammar.
The initial idea of “case” goes back to Greek and you will Latin antique grammar. Inside framework, it’s firmly connected to the thought of good noun’s (otherwise an adjective’s, because the adjectives was experienced a form of noun) declension otherwise inflectional paradigm. A great paradigm can be envisioned given that a desk that features different inflected types of a phrase.
Although the notion of “inflection” (instead of derivation) has many difficulty of the individual, quite often it’s quite simple, thus I’m simply likely to guess inside address one we have been accepting the theory that “inflection” try a meaningful term. Inflection is recognized as being a form of morphology, whilst the choice ranging from various other inflected forms of a keyword is actually usually trained by syntactic ecosystem. A familiar experience in morphology are syncretism, and is thought of in this situation because the a beneficial situtation in which the inflectional paradigm of a keyword is sold with line of however, officially similar models. Age.grams. within the English, particular nouns features similar singular and you can plural variations (deer, sheep) and many verbs provides identical earlier and provide models (strike, shed).
You could potentially normally provide synchronic evidence to own syncretism of the considering the overall morphological program of a language and watching in the event the certain terminology let you know type of versions, even if others you should never. Particularly, into the Latin, there are certain 3rd-declension nouns ending during the -is through the same nominative and you can genitive versions about only one (elizabeth.grams. collis, collis m. ‘hill’) but the majority of other nouns has actually some other nominative and genitive models when you look at the new singular (age.g. puer, pueri, meters. ‘boy’ and you will puella, puellae, f. ‘girl’). This comprises proof that Latin morphology total has actually a good nominative-genitive huge difference, although only a few terminology keeps type of nominative and genitive variations.